Comune di Piombino

Un territorio da scoprire

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Un territorio da scoprire

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Piombino Turismo » LA CITTA' » Un territorio da scoprire

A land to discover

The territory of Piombino and its outstanding cultural heritage and landscape
Outstretched on the sea, Piombino shares the homonymous promontory with the historic town of Populonia, settled a little further north. Piombino is rich in history and protected natural environments.
Piombino,is one of the places on the “Costa degli Etruschi” worth visiting to discover its charming beauty.

Athough the present and future of Piombino are oriented towards the development of a natural tourist vocation, its past was voted exclusively to industry. Piombino has also a rich and important history.

After centuries of neglect following the decline and abandonment of the nearby Populonia , the light comes back on the history of this territory after the year one thousand.

First “Signoria” (Lordship) then “Principato” (Principality) under the House of Appiani, Piombino is one of the longest-lived city-states of Italy.

The history of Piombino reaches its peak with the brief regency of Elisa Bonaparte, strong and extraordinary sister of Napoleon.

It is very easy to recognise the original urban dimension of Piombino in what is still well preserved today: the old town, enclosed within the ancient walls, and protected by its fortifications.

The “Castello” - XIII century

The “Castello” is a medicean fortress build around the XIII century Cassero Pisano. It was The ancient eastern gate to the town. After undergoing complete restoration, the Castello now houses the Castello and City Museum.

The “Cittadella”- XV century

The Cittadella (citadel) was the fortified area of Piombino; it was build by Andrea Guardi, architect from Florence, according to the wishes of Jacopo III Appiani. This “compound” was a real “city in the city” and became a stately Renaissance court.

Now here it is possible to visit important monuments, such as the Court Palace, which houses the archaeological museum, the chapel of the Madonna di Cittadella, which features a remarkable marble facade, and the cistern, decorated with the portraits of the Appiani family.

Torrione and Rivellino – XIII-XV century

The Torrione, ancient Porta a Terra (gate) of Piombino, also known as Sant'Antonio's, is the most ancient civil monument in town. It was built in 1212 and it is the only remain of the age of the city states in Piombino. In the year 1447 the “Rivellino”, a massive semicircular support, was added to the walls in order to protect the city from artillery.

Leonardo in Piombino-Museum

Part of the fortified walls were designed by Leonardo da Vinci who, for sure, came to Piombino in several occasions and was commissioned some work concerning fortification. Traces of these studies can be found in the papers and drawings of the Codes of Madrid.

The Marina
Fonte dei Canali – XIII century

The ancient port of Piombino, core of the old town, was built in the lee of a rocky outcrop near the Springs of Marina, a group of zoomorphic heads sculpted by Nicola Pisano in 1247. The water comes from five mouths decorated with animal-heads, one of which was lost at the beginning of the XX century. The fountain is decorated with coats of arms and inscriptions.

The church of S.Antimo sopra i Canali

Above the Fonte dei Canali there are the remains of the church of S.Antimo sopra i Canali, which now are included in a residential building, formerly civil hospital. This church was built in the mid-thirteenth century according to the wishes of the powerful guild of sailors and became see of the Parish in 1468. Part ot the abse and of the lateral walls are what remains of this interesting example of early Tuscan gothic architecture.

The “Tarsinata” - XIII century

The bell tower, known as Torre della Tarsinata, is still well preserved; it also served as a bulwark and lookout on the sea.

Ancient town
If you stroll on the narrow streets which unwind from the historical centre down to the Marina, you'll discover evidence of Piombino's medieval and Reinassance past.

The Palazzo del Comune is the twentieth-century reconstruction of the ancient Palazzo dei Priori, of which it mantains size and grandeur. Over the centuries, the palace has hosted not only the administration of the Community but also the courthouse.

The Co-Cathedral of St.Antimo Martyr, XIV century

The Co-Cathedral of St. Antimo Martyr was build on the foundations of an Augustinian monastery and, as we see it now, is the result of later architectural works. Inside the church are housed precious works of Andrea Guardi, such as the beautiful marble baptismal font and two remarkable tombs of the Appiani, Lords of Piombino.

The Cloister, one of the most elegant in Tuscan Renaissance, is a work by Guardi as well.

Palazzo Appiani

Gherardo Appiani wasn't even thirty years old when in 1399 he sold the Lordship of Pisa to Giangaleazzo Visconti, Lord of Milan, for the sum of 200.000 florins. He then retired in Piombino, choosing to dwell in a palace near the sea and the Marina.

Piazza Bovio

Piazza Giovanni Bovio is a unique example of square outstretched on the sea and on the Tuscan archipelago. The view from Piazza Bovio goes from Giglio to Capraia and, on bright days, the coasts of Corsica too are visible.


Parco Archeologico di Baratti e Populonia-(Archaelogical Park of Baratti and Populonia)

The Archaelogical Park of Baratti and Populonia consists of over 80 acres of park trails and organized pathways, connecting areas of great historical and archaeological interest, preserved and offered to the public in a beautiful and unspoiled natural environment.

The history of Piombino begins in Populonia, one of the most important etruscan towns, and in the well protected Gulf of Baratti, which was a crucial point of trade and processing for the iron coming from the nearby Isola d'Elba.

Downhill there is the monumental necropolis of San Cerbone, the only one that was built near the sea by the Etruscans. Going back uphill towards Populonia, in the middle of a forest populated with oaks, laurel and mastic, we find the necropolis of the caves and the quarry. In this one there are still blocks of stone carved in solid rock. Finally, on top of the hill, we find the Acropolis, brought to light by recent excavations; the city of the living, with the sacred area of temples and the remains of Etruscan and Roman eras.

Next to the Acropolis, on top of the hill, lies the small medieval village of Populonia, still intact over the centuries within the mighty fortress built by the Appiani Lords of Piombino. The tower overlooks the sea, offering a unique view on the Gulf of Baratti, with the colors of the Mediterranean pine forests and meadows that slope gently and blend into the blue sea. From this point of view the Gulf almost looks like a lake.

Museo Archeologico-(Archaeological Museum)

The thread that binds Piombino to the Etruscans crosses the promontory and brings us back to the Archaeological Museum of Populonia.
The Museum consists of three floors of findings, which tell us in the most effective way the history of a land and the interesting archaeological events that brought some remarkable pieces back to where they belong.

Especially the beautiful amphora of Baratti the fourth century AD that, from the basement of the Superintendency of Florence, after many years and a long and meticulous restoration has finally returned home.

Parco di Punta Falcone (Punta Falcone Nature Park)

Flying towards the city the igneous rocks of Punta Falcone welcome us.This beautiful spot was made park in order to preserve the wildlife and the spectacular view it offers.
Another interesting feature of Punta Falcone is a system of naval artillery batteries, stillin good conditions, which served as a guard on the strip of sea between Piombino and the Isola d'Elba.


Beaches, bays and reefs stretch over 30 km forming a varied and incredible offer for tourism. Of course there is a lot more to be enjoyed: food deserves to be mentioned because of the richness in ingredients, coming from both land and sea, perfect with the fine wines coming from our beautiful inland.


This beautiful spot is 3 km from the town centre; it is the gate to the naural area of the Promontory which connects Piombino to Baratti and Populonia through several footpaths and hiking trails.

Along this beautiful, deeply set in a stunning landscape pathway we find some pristine beaches:

Spiaggia Lunga, set in a privileged location on the promontory near the high and rocky coastline covered with Mediterranean vegetation;
Fosso alle Canne, a pebble creek surrounded by Mediterranean vegetation;
Buca delle Fate, set in Baratti-Populonia;

Just south Piombino, along the coast which reaches Follonica, there are nature parks, organized in order for tourists and visitors to enjoy them in awareness and full respect of nature: such areas attract increasingly large numbers of visitors.

Oasi WWF Orti Bottagone
This park consists of 100 acres of marsh, embroidered with bulrush and inhabitated by various species of birds: hawks, herons, pink flamingos and many more.
The Oasi is managed by WWF and is organized with a nature path and two observatio points.
Parco della Sterpaia
The dunes and damp forest of the Parco della Sterpaia are a remarkable sample of what Maremma coast landscape was like in the past; this park is preserved together with a beautiful long beach, which is very popular during summer and has been awarded the Blue Flag environmental certification.
Piombino is one of the most important ports in Italy for the transport of goods and passengers, beside providing links with Elba , other islands in the archipelago, Sardinia and Corsica.
Boat lovers will find hospitality and facilities in the marinas on the area of Piombino. The recently built Marina of Salivoli is good and modern example of the port system in Piombino.

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